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Viewing archived talks in: History of Mathematics

History of Mathematics
â€œClebsch took notice of meâ€: Olaus Henrici, geometer and maker of mathematical models
Speaker: Professor June BarrowGreen (Open University)
Olaus Henrici (1840–1918) studied in Germany before making his career in London,establishing a Laboratory of Mechanics at the newly formed Central Technical College. Hewas a proponent of pure (projective) geometry and a leading figure in the British moveagainst the teaching of Euclid, promoting the use of models in teaching and research. Hismodels included surfaces of the second and third orders, as well as Sylvester's ninth orderamphigenous surface. He exhibited many of his models in front of the London MathematicalSociety and was a significant contributor to the great exhibitions in South Kensington in 1876and in Munich in 1893. June will discuss Henrici’s rather extensive role in the promotion ofprojective geometry in Britain and describe the origin and development of some of hissurface models, avoiding technical details but with lots of pictures.
On: February 18, 2016 From: 16h00 To: 17h30
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History of Mathematics
London Mathematical Society Hirst Lecture
Speaker: Edmund Robertson (St Andrews); Mark McCartney (Ulster)
These talks are aimed at a general audience.
The London Mathematical Society is pleased to announce that Professor Edmund F. Robertson (St Andrews) will give the inaugural Hirst Lecture at St Andrews on Wednesday 20 April 2016. Mark McCartney (University of Ulster) will give an accompanying lecture.
3.30 pm Opening of the meeting
3.45 pm Mark McCartney (Ulster)
4.45 pm Tea
5.15 pm Hirst Lecture, Edmund Robertson (St. Andrews)
6.15 pm Meeting closes.
The Hirst Lecture celebrates the joint award of the Hirst Prize & Lectureship, in the 150th Anniversary year of the London Mathematical Society, to Professor Edmund Robertson (St Andrews) and Dr John O’Connor (St Andrews) for their creation, development and maintenance of the MacTutor History of Mathematics website.
The Hirst Prize and Lectureship are named after Thomas A. Hirst, 5th President of the London Mathematical Society from 18721874. The prize is awarded in recognition of original and innovative work in the history of mathematics, which may be in any medium.
On: April 20, 2016 From: 15h30 To: 18h30
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History of Mathematics
Mathematical Biography: A MacTutor Celebration  day 1
Speaker: Edmund Robertson; Sydney Padua; Steven Skiena; Dagmar Mrozik; Henrik SÃ¸rensen; Eva Kaufholz; Philip Beeley; Kris Grint; et al (TBC)
A twoday meeting bringing together mathematicians, biographers and readers to discuss biographies of mathematicians and issues in writing them. Talks, archive visits, walking tours, discussion sessions. Organised by the School of Mathematics and Statistics, home of the MacTutor History of Maths Archive, and the British Society for the History of Mathematics. Sponsored by the London Mathematical Society and the Edinburgh Mathematical Society. Full details and registration on the meeting website http://www.mcs.stand.ac.uk/mathbiog/. Registration Essential. For queries contact Isobel Falconer
On: September 16, 2016 From: 14h00 To: 21h00
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History of Mathematics
Mathematical Biography: A MacTutor Celebration  day 2
Speaker: Edmund Robertson; Sydney Padua; Steven Skiena; Dagmar Mrozik; Henrik SÃ¸rensen; Eva Kaufholz; Philip Beeley; Kris Grint; et al (TBC)
A twoday meeting bringing together mathematicians, biographers and readers to discuss biographies of mathematicians and issues in writing them. Talks, archive visits, walking tours, discussion sessions. Organised by the School of Mathematics and Statistics, home of the MacTutor History of Maths Archive, and the British Society for the History of Mathematics. Sponsored by the London Mathematical Society and the Edinburgh Mathematical Society. Full details and registration on the meeting website http://www.mcs.stand.ac.uk/mathbiog/. Registration Essential. For queries contact Isobel Falconer
On: September 17, 2016 From: 9h00 To: 16h00
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History of Mathematics
The Interaction of Physics, Mechanics and Mathematics in Joseph Liouvilleâ€™s Research
Speaker: Professor Jesper LÃ¼tzen (University of Copenhagen)
Joseph Liouville (18091882) was the leading French mathematician of the generation between Cauchy and Hermite. In agreement with the contemporary French emphasis on applied mathematics many of Liouvilleâ€™s contributions to mathematics concerned mathematical physics and in particular mechanics. Even some of his pure theories were inspired by physical problems.
The talk will be nontechnical and suitable for all levels of physics and mathematics students. In it I shall give examples of both types of contributions such as:
Differential calculus of arbitrary order (fractional calculus), inspired by AmpÃ¨reâ€™s electrodynamics.Liouvilleâ€™s theorem on conformal mappings inspired by Thomsonâ€™s (Kelvinâ€™s) research on electrostatics.SturmLiouville theory inspired by heat conduction.Liouvilleâ€™s theorem â€œon the volume in phase spaceâ€ inspired by astronomy (not by statistical mechanics!).Equilibrium shapes of a rotating masses of fluid.Spectral theory of a special kind of integral operator, inspired by the above problem and Gaussâ€™ potential theory.Various examples of the interaction between differential geometry and mechanics, in particular the idea that trajectories of a mechanical system can be thought of as a geodesic in a suitable geometry.The talk will be followed by wine and nibbles
On: October 12, 2016 From: 16h00 To: 17h00
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History of Mathematics
Edward Wright (15611615): Mathematician, Practitioner and Privateer
Speaker: Stephen Johnston (University of Oxford, Museum of the History of Science)
Edward Wright (15611615): Mathematician, Practitioner and Privateer Stephen Johnston St Andrews, 29 March 2017 What did it mean to be a mathematician in the past? What range of activity and interest might that term encompass? The 16thcentury Edward Wright is little known today, but certainly has a part in the history of mathematics, however conceived. He translated John Napier on logarithms and worked out the mathematical basis of the Mercator map projection. But he ranged much more widely too, from fundamental astronomical observations to magnetism, surveying and water engineering. Though a Cambridge fellow he went to sea on expeditions with the privateering Earl of Cumberland and subsequently served as royal librarian and tutor to Prince Henry. Taking Wright as a biographical case study requires an understanding of Renaissance mathematics as a practical as well as intellectual discipline, as much about material culture as conceptual innovation. Download PDFOn: March 29, 2017 From: 16h00 To: 17h00
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