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Viewing upcoming talks containing the keyword: 3
Physics and Astronomy Colloquia
Speaker: Dr Natalia Korolkova (University of St Andrews)
In this talk I describe the nature of non-classical correlation beyond entanglement. Quantum discord is introduced as a measure of such quantum correlations and compared to some other measures. The role of system-environment coupling in dynamics of these correlations and some operational interpretations of discord are discussed, in particular activation of correlations into entanglement. The quantum nature of correlations is illustrated with an example of bright light beams. In this context, some illuminating quantum information protocols based on quantum properties of optical modes are briefly described.
On: February 19, 2016 From: 10h00 To: 11h00View talk
Speaker: Professor Gang Liu (Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Solar-driven water splitting or reduction of CO2 on photocatalysts represents one promising technique to convert solar energy into chemical energy. One current central task is to develop efficient solar-driven photocatalysts. The efficiency of photocatalysis is co-determined by three basic processes including light absorption, charge separation and catalytic conversion. Concerning these three basic processes, we focus on three strategies, 1) band engineering, 2) heterostructuring and 3) facet controlling, to tailor the properties of photocatalysts. The context of this talk mainly includes three parts, 1) the crucial role of spatial distribution of dopants or defects in realizing the redshift of the whole light absorption edge for a wide visible light absorption, 2) three kinds of core-shell engineered heterostructures with the ability of realizing spatial separation of photogenerated charge carriers, and 3) tailoring the exposure of different facets of photocatalysts.
On: February 23, 2016 From: 15h30 To: 16h30View talk
Embedding Boron and Nitrogen Atoms within Aromatic Molecules: From Reactive Intermediates to Nanographenes
Speaker: Holger Bettinger (Tubingen)
Substitution of CC units by BN is an attractive means of changing electronic properties of molecules. A case in point is the relationship between benzene and its inorganic analogue borazine, sometimes termed “inorganic benzene.” One of our research projects in Tübingen focuses on the experimental realization of reactive intermediates that are boron-nitrogen analogues of conventional organic reactive intermediates. In the presentation our recent results on 1,2-azaborines, the BN derivatives of benzynes, and how that research led to the borazine derivative of hexa-peri-hexabenzocoronene (HBC), an iconic nanographene molecule, will be discussed.
On: February 24, 2016 From: 15h30 To: 16h30View talk
Physics and Astronomy Colloquia
Speaker: Prof Andrew Daley (University of Strathclyde, Quantum Optics and Quantum Many-body Systems)
Over the course of the last two decades, experiments with ultracold atoms and molecules have developed to a level where we have strongly interacting quantum gases that are controllable and measurable on a single-particle level. This now allows us to engineer a range of fundamental models from solid state physics in experiments, and explore their properties cleanly on a microscopic level.
Beyond textbook demonstrations of equilibrium and single-particle properties (including insulating phases, magnetic superexchange, and Bloch oscillations), this now enables us to explore fundamental aspects of non-equilibrium dynamics in quantum many-particle systems. These range from from the approach of systems to equilibrium, and thermalisation in statistical mechanics, to the influence of the environment and decoherence in open many-body quantum systems.
I will give an overview of recent developments in these areas, and touch on the recent measurement of many-body entanglement with ultracold atoms in optical lattices.
On: February 26, 2016 From: 10h00 To: 11h00View talk
Speaker: George Shimizu (University of Calgary)
Metal organic frameworks (MOFs) represent tunable molecular scaffoldings that can be adjusted for a breadth of applications. This presentation will concern our efforts towards tailoring MOFs towards two globally relevant energy challenges, CO2 capture and fuel cells.
The first topic concerns our efforts to make MOFs for gas capture. Two sub-topics will be the use of MOFs with high CO2 capture ability and efforts to generally make MOFs more robust. In contrast to liquid amines which chemisorb CO2 and have high energy costs for regeneration, the MOF approach typically gives physisorbed gases and hence more facile release. Despite the weaker binding mode, we will show that high selectivities are possible owing to heats of adsorption over 40 kJ/mol1 and cooperativity between CO2 molecules in augmenting binding.2 Related to this is the need to enhance water stability of the MOF backbone and our efforts to achieve this goal will be presented.3
The second topic concerns an approach to better proton conductors for PEM fuel cell membranes.4 A major hurdle in these technologies is an electrolyte capable of operating above 100ËšC. Higher operating temperatures will enhance electrode kinetics and decrease electrode poisoning among several critical operational benefits. In contrast to polymer approaches towards these electrolytes, we have used a MOF strategy to generate crystalline networks with acidic pores. These MOFs present options for higher temperature conduction,5 conduction over 10-2 Scm-1,6 and water stability.7,8
 R. Vaidhyanathan et al. Science, 2010, 330, 650.  R. Vaidhyanathan et al. Angew. Chem., 2012, 51, 1826.  a) J. M. Taylor et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2012, 134, 14338; b) Gelfand, B. S. Dalton Trans, in press.  G. K. H. Shimizu et al. Science, 2013, 341, 354.  J. A. Hurd et al. Nature Chem. 2009, 1, 705.  S. Kim et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2013, 135, 963.J. M. Taylor et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2013, 135, 1193. Ramaswamy, P. et al.J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137, 7640
On: February 29, 2016 From: 11h00 To: 12h00View talk
Speaker: Prof Stephen Liddle (Manchester)
There is currently great interest in the nature and reactivity of molecular uranium-ligand multiple bonds.1 This is because the nature and extent of 5f/6d orbital participation in uranium-ligand bonding is still a topic of debate, and the unique orbital-hybridisation patterns available to uranium promises novel reactivity and magnetism. We have found that certain triamidoamine ligands are exceptionally effective at stabilising unprecedented uranium-ligand multiple bonds involving main group fragments of interest in their own right. This talk will provide an overview of our progress to date covering oxo, nitride, parent-imido, -phosphinidene, -arsinidene, and arsendio complexes, and their electronic structure, bonding, reactivity, and magnetism will be discussed. If time allows we will describe our more recent work in this area.
We gratefully acknowledge continued and generous funding by the Royal Society, European Research Council, Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, The University of Nottingham, The University of Manchester, UK EPSRC National EPR Facility, COST, and the UK National Nuclear Laboratory.
1. S. T. Liddle, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2015, 54, 8604.
On: March 2, 2016 From: 15h30 To: 16h30View talk