Magic Angle Twisted Bilayer Graphene

Main list: Cond Mat Seminars

Abstract

Moiré patterns are ubiquitous in layered van der Waals materials.  Moiré pattern devices can now be fabricated with considerable control by combining mechanical exfoliation of van der Waals layers with tear and stack techniques.  I will explain why the electronic and optical properties of two-dimensional semiconductors and semimetals are strongly altered in long-period moiré superlattices, focusing in particular on the remarkable example of twisted bilayer graphene.  When twisted to a magic [1] relative orientation angle near 1 degree the moiré superlattice minibands of bilayer graphene become extremely narrow and electronic correlations become strong.  Experimental studies [2] of magic-angle twisted bilayer graphene (MATBG) have demonstrated that the electronic ground state can be a superconductor, a metal, or an insulator, depending on the filling of the magic angle flat bands.  Insulating states occur close to most integer values of the number of electrons per moiré superlattice period, whereas superconducting states are common at fractional moiré band filling factors.  In some cases, the insulating states are purely orbital ferromagnets that exhibit a quantum anomalous Hall effect.  I will discuss progress that has been made toward understanding these remarkable properties [1] Moire bands in twisted double-layer graphene, R. Bistritzer and A.H. MacDonald, PNAS 108, 12233 (2011)[2] Magic-angle graphene superlattices: a new platform for unconventional superconductivity,  Y. Cao et al. Nature (2018).

  • Speaker

    Allan MacDonald
    UT Austin

  • Venue

    222, Physics

  • Date

    September 18, 2019

  • Time

    From: 12h00 To: 13h00

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