Quantum Fluids of Exciton-Polaritons

Main list: Strong coupling seminars


Daniele Sanvitto
CNR NANOTEC ­– Institute of Nantechnology, Lecce, Italy

There is a growing interest in the study of polaritonic systems, mixed states of photons and excitons, for both, the observation of quantum macroscopic phenomena, and the realisation of all-optical devices that could offer limitless advantages in terms of energy consumption, dissipation-less operation and high clock frequencies [1]. More recently, by entangling one photon with one polariton, it has even been shown that these quasiparticles can also be ideal carriers of quantum information [2].

Here we show several macroscopic quantum phenomena that can be observed in polariton condensates, both at low temperature, in inorganic semiconductor microcavities–for which the very long lifetime can show behaviour associated to the Berezinskii–Kosterlitz–Thouless (BKT) regime [3], typical of 2D equilibrium system–and in organic based polaritons, where superfluidity can be observed at room temperature in spite of the marked open, driven dissipative, nature of these polariton condensates [4]. We also show the possibility of using hybrid semiconductors with reduced dimensionality to achieve the regime of highly interacting polaritons. These materials include monocrystalline two-dimensional perovskites and transition metal dichalcogenides that have demonstrated nonlinear responses similar to those of low temperature inorganic semiconductors. Finally, we will speculate on the possibility to reach the genuine quantum regime using single polaritons as quantum bits for the implementation of photonic nonlinear quantum devices.


[1]. Sanvitto, D. & Kena-Cohen, S. The road towards polaritonic devices. Nat. Mater. 15, 1061–1073 (2016).

[2]. Cuevas, Á. et al. First observation of the quantized exciton-polariton field and effect of interactions on a single polariton. Sci. Adv. 4, eaao6814 (2018).

[3]. Caputo, D. et al. Topological order and thermal equilibrium in polariton condensates. Nat. Mater. 17, 145–151 (2018).

[4]. Lerario, G. et al. Room-temperature superfluidity in a polariton condensate. Nat Phys 13, 837 (2017).

  • Venue

    Maths Theatre A

  • Date

    February 21, 2019

  • Time

    From: 10h00 To: 11h00

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